Factbook: Candidates in Egypt's election
Published Wednesday 09/05/2012 17:24
A man walks under campaign election billboards of presidential candidate and
former Arab League secretary general Amr Moussa (L) and presidential candidate
and head of the Muslim Brotherhood Mohamed Mursi (R), in Cairo May 7, 2012.
(REUTERS/Amr Abdallah Dalsh)
Egyptians get their first chance to choose their leader this month and 13 candidates ranging from Islamists to hardline leftists and former ministers of deposed leader Hosni Mubarak are competing for their votes.
Here are details of the contenders.
The 75-year-old who was once Mubarak's foreign minister has positioned himself between the old regime and the new order, touting his government experience while seeking to show how he often defied his former boss. His years heading the Arab League support his pitch as the only experienced statesman among the front runners, but opinion polls that put him in the lead also suggest a swathe of voters are still undecided. Islamists paint Moussa as a cigar-smoking bon vivant whose wealth renders him out of touch with the people. Moussa casts himself as a liberal nationalist best able to revive a moribund economy and cut poverty, dismissing his Islamist rivals as religious ideologues.
Abdel Moneim Abol Fotouh
A figure long-respected for his defiance of authority during decades of autocratic rule, Abol Fotouh, 60, was ejected from the Muslim Brotherhood last year for running for president against its wishes. He may benefit from any popular disaffection with the Brotherhood, which has struggled to influence government policy despite dominating parliament and faced criticism for reneging on a pledge not to seek the country's highest office. But some people are puzzled at what Abol Fotouh stands for after he tried to lure the moderate vote with a defense of civil freedoms but then won the backing of Salafi leaders, whose strict Islamic views are anathema to liberals.
Pushed to the front of the race by the disqualification of the Brotherhood's first choice for presidential candidate, Mursi is struggling to dispel a reputation as the movement's uncharismatic Plan B. The 60-year-old engineer has positioned himself as a staunch Brotherhood loyalist and struck a conservative tone at campaign rallies in an apparent attempt to discredit rival Islamist contender Abdel Moneim Abol Fotouh, who was ejected from the influential movement last year. Mursi suffered a blow when ultraconservative Salafi leaders said they would back Abol Fotouh, but swathes of Mursi banners unfurled over roads and buildings across Egypt show a Brotherhood campaign in full swing and a late surge by Mursi would come as no surprise.
Mubarak's last prime minister trumpets his military background and executive experience to appeal to Egyptians frustrated by the disorder and political bickering that followed last year's popular uprising. Written off when his candidacy was briefly suspended last month, Shafiq, 70, is now a serious contender and a blitz of publicity, including advertising spots in several prime Cairo locations, suggests a well-funded campaign. But he is a divisive figure who may struggle to shake off the stigma of association with Mubarak.
The leader of the pan-Arab nationalist Karama (Dignity) party is a leftist like his hero Gamal Abdel Nasser but found himself in jail several times for opposing the one-party state established by Egypt's Cold War-era president. A history of implacable opposition to autocratic rule could endear Sabahy, 57, to young revolutionaries who led last year's uprising and public servants who fear reforms to balance the state budget could cost them their jobs. He is running as an independent.
Mohamed Selim el-Awa
Awa, 70, has chosen a less confrontational stance towards Egypt's interim military rulers than other Islamist contenders. The former secretary-general of the International Federation of Islamic Scholars is a jurist who helped draft laws in several Arab countries. He called upon Islamist candidates to unify ranks ahead of the vote but the appeal gained little traction.
The youngest candidate at 40 years old and an activist lawyer, Ali has a dedicated following among young revolutionaries after campaigning for labor and social rights, and calls himself the candidate of the poor. A leftist who has opposed privatisation of several state firms, he has no party affiliation.
A 60-year-old judge who campaigned against rigging of elections during the Mubarak era, Bastawisy lived in Kuwait until last year's popular uprising to escape what he called harassment and surveillance by state security. Bastawisy has said he espouses a free market economy and social justice. He says he would focus on reforming education, developing skills training, and attracting investment.
Abul Ezz el-Hariry
The 68-year-old leftist activist faces opponents backed by groups with wider recognition than his Popular Socialist Coalition party, which he helped establish after quitting another leftist party, Tagammu.
Candidate of the Democratic Peace party, Khairallah, 67, is a former military man who spent many years in Egyptian intelligence and is campaigning on a platform of education reform, a civil state and cutting unemployment.
An independent candidate who hails from a military family in Alexandria, Hossam, 47, spent much of his career in state security. He says he would restore stability and the credibility of the police and boost farm output to revive the economy.
A law professor at the American University in Cairo and a career diplomat under Mubarak. He is a legal scholar who worked on cases including the 1988 Lockerbie airliner bombing and the assassination of Lebanese politician Rafik al-Hariri. Ashal, 67, is the candidate of a Salafi-led party campaigning for social justice, freedom and an end to corruption.
Mohamed Fawzy Eissa
A lawyer and former police officer who worked as an investigator in southern Egypt and as the head of a city council. Eissa, 67, advocates social justice, more trade union rights and reform of education. He is the candidate of the Democratic Generation party.